ESS: How satisfied with present state of economy in country?

In European Social Survey, the following question is asked:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the present state of the economy in [country]?

Caterogical answers were given, such as: where 0 means extremely dissatisfied and 10 means extremely satisfied. Mean score value was calculated from the answers and tabulated according to gender and marital status, as seen below, with the comparison of year 2002, 2004 and 2006:

Gender Marital Status 2002 2004 2006
Male Married   4.63 4.86 5.19
Separated   4.69 4.55 4.30
Divorced   4.73 4.63 5.08
Widowed   4.53 4.60 4.76
Never married   4.78 5.03 5.37
Overall average 4.68 4.89 5.21
Female Married   4.39 4.56 4.80
Separated   4.08 4.40 4.18
Divorced   4.20 4.09 4.42
Widowed   4.15 4.23 4.28
Never married   4.59 4.79 5.10
Overall average 4.39 4.53 4.75
Total  4.53 4.69 4.96

MeThink: on average…
– men are more satisfied with the current state of economy as compared to women.
– for both gender, the satisfaction with the state of economy had been increasing by years.
– for both gender as well, the satisfaction with current state of economy goes with marital status as followed: never married > married > divorced > separated/widowed.

OECD Review: STDs from year 1996 – 2006

A recap on the infection rate of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphillis among OECD countries in the past decade (1996 – 2006):

1. Austria
2. Belgium.
3. Denmark.
4. Ireland.
5. Luxembourg.
6. Spain.
7. Sweden.
8. Switzerland.
9. UK.
10. US.

Among these 10 countries, in year 2006 (or 2005, the latest):
a) the top three highest chlamydia infection rate (per 100 000 population) is
— Denmark (456.11), Sweden (440.57), US (347.8).
b) the highest gonorrheas infection rate (per 100 000 population) is
— US (120.9), UK (31.37), Switzerland (12.25).
c) the highest syphillis infection rate (per 100 000 population) is
— US (12.5), Ireland (5.69), Austria (5.25).

Picture: Smiling Apsara

Her beautiful smile is forever captured in this carving. I supposed to look for the unique apsara which showing her teeth with her smile, but I have no idea where to find it in Angkor Wat. Probably it will be my next journey?

ESS: How satisfied with life as a whole?

In European Social Survey, the following question is asked:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?

Caterogical answers were given, such as: where 0 means extremely dissatisfied and 10 means extremely satisfied. Mean score value was calculated from the answers and tabulated according to gender and marital status, as seen below, with the comparison of year 2002, 2004 and 2006:

Gender Marital Status 2002 2004 2006
Male Married   7.15 6.97 6.95
Separated   6.37 5.99 5.60
Divorced   6.59 6.34 6.26
Widowed   6.53 6.33 6.18
Never married   7.07 7.02 6.98
Overall average 7.06 6.91 6.86
Female Married   7.22 7.05 6.91
Separated   6.15 6.26 5.57
Divorced   6.63 6.29 6.24
Widowed   6.52 6.17 5.89
Never married   7.24 7.10 7.07
Overall average 7.06 6.86 6.71
Total  7.06 6.88 6.78

MeThink: on average…
– the satisfaction with life as whole has decreased over the years and it is true for both gender.
– overall, women feel slightly more satisfied with their life as compared to men for year 2002 and 2004 but not year 2006.
– for men, the satisfaction with life goes with the marital status as followed: married = never married > divorced > widowed > separated.
– OTOH, for women, the satisfaction with life goes: never married > married > divorced > widowed > separated.

Source:
1. European Social Survey

Austria: Gonorrhoea and Syphilis 1996 – 2006

The total number of cases and number of cases per 100 000 persons in Austria from year 1996 to 2006 on sexually transmitted dieseases (STDs) like:

a) Gonorrhea — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 595 / 7.37
1997 — 440 / 5.44
1998 — 379 / 4.68
1999 — 434 / 5.37
2000 — 414 / 5.12
2001 — 539 / 6.67
2002 — 985 / 12.21
2003 — 895 / 11.10
2004 — 845 / 10.49
2005 — 660 / 8.21
2006 — 736 / 8.97

b) Syphilis — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 207 / 2.56
1997 — 201 / 2.48
1998 — 205 / 2.53
1999 — 184 / 2.28
2000 — 237 / 2.93
2001 — 320 / 3.96
2002 — 420 / 5.20
2003 — 350 / 4.34
2004 — 304 / 3.77
2005 — 267 / 3.32
2006 — 431 / 5.25

Source:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe – CISID

Picture: Angkor Wat

Mikko at the terrace which lead to the entrance of Angkor Wat. Very majestic view from here 🙂

ESS: Are you happy?

In European Social Survey, the following question is asked:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?

Caterogical answers were given, such as: 0 for extremely unhappy and 10 for extremely happy. Mean score value was calculated from the answers and tabulated according to gender and marital status, as seen below, with the comparison of year 2002, 2004 and 2006:

Gender Marital Status 2002 2004 2006
Male: Married – 7.53 7.36 7.37
Separated – 6.61 6.28 6.16
Divorced – 6.90 6.64 6.61
Widowed – 6.63 6.32 6.18
Never married – 7.33 7.25 7.24
Female: Married – 7.60 7.45 7.39
Separated – 6.60 6.61 6.12
Divorced – 6.87 6.67 6.70
Widowed – 6.55 6.26 6.08
Never married – 7.46 7.38 7.38
Total = 7.37 7.20 7.15

MeThink: overall, the happiness decrease over the years. More observations:
– Female is slightly happier than male.
– For both gender on average, the happiness scale goes from: married > never married/single > divorced > separated/widowed.

Source:
1. European Social Survey

Switzerland: Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea 1996 – 2006

The total number of cases and number of cases per 100 000 persons in Switzerland from year 1996 to 2006 on sexually transmitted dieseases (STDs) like:

a) Chlamydia — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 2781 / 38.91
1997 — 2665 / 37.21
1998 — 2523 / 35.19
1999 — 2132 / 29.73
2000 — 2303 / 32.12
2001 — 2592 / 36.15
2002 — 3136 / 42.75
2003 — 3494 / 47.80
2004 — 4164 / 57.33
2005 — 4392 / 60.66

b) Gonorrhea — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 254 / 3.55
1997 — 269 / 3.76
1998 — 273 / 3.81
1999 — 330 / 4.60
2000 — 404 / 5.63
2001 — 457 / 6.37
2002 — 532 / 7.30
2003 — 531 / 7.36
2004 — 627 / 8.59
2005 — 682 / 9.49
2006 — 901 / 12.25

Source:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe – CISID

Picture: Baphuon

Spain: Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea and Syphilis 1996 – 2006

The total number of cases and number of cases per 100 000 persons in Spain from year 1996 to 2006 on sexually transmitted dieseases (STDs) like:

a) Chlamydia — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 71 / 0.15
1997 — 119 / 0.22
1998 — 100 / 0.21
1999 — 80 / 0.17
2000 — 92 / 0.20
2001 — 87 / 0.19
2002 — 97 / 0.23
2003 — 115 / 0.28
2004 — 120 / 0.30
2005 — 148 / 0.36
2006 — 139 / 0.32

b) Gonorrhea — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 42 / 0.08
1997 — 52 / 0.10
1998 — 54 / 0.11
1999 — 74 / 0.17
2000 — 76 / 0.17
2001 — 89 / 0.18
2002 — 89 / 0.21
2003 — 112 / 0.26
2004 — 143 / 0.34
2005 — 181 / 0.42
2006 — 343 / 0.74

c) Syphilis — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 143 / 0.18
1997 — 128 / 0.18
1998 — 159 / 0.29
1999 — 107 / 0.18
2000 — 116 / 0.21
2001 — 151 / 0.30
2002 — 211 / 0.34
2003 — 245 / 0.46
2004 — 373 / 0.81
2005 — 516 / 1.06
2006 — 749 / 1.55

Source:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe – CISID

Picture: Lotus Flower

Spotted them at Royal Palace, Angkor Thom.

Luxembourg: Gonorrhoea and Syphilis 1996 – 2006

The total number of cases and number of cases per 100 000 persons in Luxembourg from year 1996 to 2005 on sexually transmitted dieseases (STDs) like:

a) Gonorrhea — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 2 / 0.48
1997 — 2 / 0.48
1998 — 1 / 0.23
1999 — 2 / 0.46
2000 — 2 / 0.46
2001 — 3 / 0.68
2002 — 2 / 0.45
2003 — 5 / 1.10
2004 — 9 / 1.31
2005 — 1 / 0.22
2006 — 4 / 0.85

b) Syphilis — Total Cases / Cases per 100 000 population
1996 — 3 / 0.72
1997 — 4 / 0.95
1998 — 7 / 1.64
1999 — 4 / 0.93
2000 — 4 / 0.92
2001 — 16 / 3.62
2002 — 12 / 2.68
2003 — 15 / 3.31
2004 — 11 / 2.40
2005 — 23 / 4.96
2006 — 11 / 2.34

Source:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe – CISID

Picture: The Beautiful Lady

Cambodia 13.11.2007 – Bayon, originally uploaded by micpohling.

… Her beauty was captured into carving and preserved for eternal…

“Quote” of the day… 26.12.2007

Normally, if someone ordinary eat a €22 (£16) lobster meal, there is nothing unusual about it… but when it comes to this lady and her story of lobster, her quote caught my eyes…

A clearly embarrassed Wagenknecht – who was brought up on the works of Marx and Engels, joined the East German communists in 1989, and allegedly mourned the fall of the Berlin Wall – has admitted both to eating the lobster, and erasing the pictures.
But she defended her actions.
“I don’t do anything that I say others shouldn’t do,” she told the daily TAZ. “On the contrary, I’m fighting for a society in which everyone can afford to eat lobster.
As to why she erased the pictures? “I didn’t like them,” she said.

Malaysia: HIV and AIDS Cases 1990 – 2005

Total HIV cases reported from year 1990 to 2005 in Malaysia:
Year – Total
1990 – 778
1991 – 1794
1992 – 2512
1993 – 2507
1994 – 3393
1995 – 4198
1996 – 4597
1997 – 3924
1998 – 4624
1999 – 4692
2000 – 5107
2001 – 5938
2002 – 6978
2003 – 6756
2004 – 6427
2005 – 6120

And according to gender:
a) Male HIV cases

b) Female HIV cases

Source:
1. Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat – Statistic

Picture: Giant Carving and Me!

Cambodia 13.11.2007 – Angkor Thom, originally uploaded by micpohling.

I was not looking that small exactly, as compared to the carving behind me…

MeThink: 50 000 hits

Huuray, another milestone for me on this special day!

10-06-2007: 10 000 hits.
04-09-2007: 20 000 hits.
21-10-2007: 30 000 hits.
25-11-2007: 40 000 hits.
25-12-2007: 50 000 hits!

577 posts. An average 87 views per post.

Weekly Highlight: 25.12.2005

First of all, I would like wish any reader of this blog a …

Merry Christmas 

Then, let’s move on to my pick of news around Scandinavian countries for the past week… 

Denmark: CCTVs for Copenhagen…

Wave of violence leads to CCTV proposal
19.12.2007

Copenhagen’s city council is expected to vote on a proposal this January that would establish closed circuit video surveillance in certain areas of the city, reports Berlingske Tidende newspaper.
Denmark has strict laws regulating the use of surveillance cameras, but a recent wave of gun violence in Copenhagen, particularly in the Nørrebro neighbourhood, has resulted in a proposal by city Social Democrats to set up a system similar to London’s CCTV.
Initially, the plan calls for setting up cameras on neighbourhood streets with the highest rates of violent crime. Other improvements, such as better lighting, are also included in the proposal. Should the system help police solve and prevent crimes, the Social Democrats would gradually expand the system.
‘This isn’t about Big Brother, and we’re not talking about the entire city. But we do need to try a few things and see what works,’ Andreasen said.

Finland:

Charity Collection Exceeds Expectations
Published 24.12.2007, 16.38

A joint Christmas charitable collection has raised over 650,000 euros this year for the needy. The organisers say this is in excess of expectations.
The collection was organised by the Finnish Broadcasting Company’s Morning TV and Radio Suomi together with the Mannerheim League for Child Welfare, the Red Cross and the Kesko retailing group.
This year’s collection amounted to 23,000 euros more than the previous year. Individual gift 60 euro vouchers will be sent out to some 10,000 families.
The vouchers have been given to low income families with at least one child under the age of fifteen. Unemployment, illness, financial indebtedness are among other factors considered.

Netherlands:

No welfare for under those under 27
Monday 24 December 2007

A plan to offer work or training to anyone under the age of 27 to prevent young people from becoming dependent on welfare has been approved by the cabinet.
The plan was put forward by junior social affairs minister Ahmed Aboutaleb on Friday and will give local councils the responsibility to find a job or a training course for unemployed people under 27. Those who refuse will no longer have the right to welfare benefits.
‘Young people who are healthy in mind and body do not belong on welfare,’ Aboutaleb told news service ANP. He saids that official figures from April this year put the number of young people under 27 on welfare at around 29,000.
A similar initiative by the former government in 2005 was rejected by the Council of State as unpractical. However under the new proposal, certain groups such as young mothers and handicapped people are exempt from the compulsory scheme.
The new system is due to be introduced in 2009.

Norway:

Halal butcher caught
First published: 21 Dec 2007, 13:59

Food Safety Authority inspectors apparently uncovered an illegal halal butchery operation on a surprise visit to a farm in Østfold County on Thursday afternoon.
The Muslim practice of halal, where the animal is not anesthetized before killing, and is bled to death by having its carotid artery cut, is illegal in Norway, for violation of animal treatment laws.
“This is a severe violation of the Animal Protection Act and it will be viewed very seriously,” said Kirsti Ullsfoss, FSA district chief for the region.
Ullsfoss said that this is the first time an illegal butcher has been caught red-handed.
Eggen said many Muslims visit his farm to buy sheep, and claimed he had a routine for avoiding any illegal activity.
“I help the new owners kill the animal they have bought. It is not legal to cut the throat of a live animal in Norway, so I shoot the sheep in the forehead first. I tell the Muslims that the sheep has had a mild anesthetic. I don’t think they understand that the animal is dead after I use the rifle. Afterwards the Muslims cut the sheep’s throat. When it is done this way the animal bleeds the right way, according to the Muslims. In fact today I had a whole family come for a halal butchering, and they had a little ceremony together,” the farmer said.

Sweden:

Healthcare workers flock to private sector
Published: 24 Dec 07 10:26 CET

The number of people employed in the private healthcare sector in Sweden has doubled over the last ten years, new figures have shown.
Last year 17 percent of healthcare workers had jobs in the private sector, according to figures from Nutek, the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth.
With the number of people working with private healthcare last year amounting to 115,000, Nutek expects the trend to continue over the coming years.
“In five years’ time, one in four people will probably be working for a private company,” Nutek spokesman Jörgen Lindell told Sveriges Radio.

Picture: Gate at Angkor Thom

I love the sharp contrast between the carving on the gate and the blue sky!

Ireland: Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea and Syphilis 1996 – 2005

The total number of cases and number of cases per 100 000 persons in Ireland from year 1996 to 2005 on sexually transmitted dieseases (STDs) like:

a) Chlamydia
Year – Total / Cases per 100 000 persons
1996 – 364 / 9.99
1997 – 462 / 12.55
1998 – 646 / 17.36
1999 – 869 / 23.09
2000 – 1343 / 35.31
2001 – 1649 / 42.93
2002 – 1922 / 49.56
2003 – 2258 / 57.69
2004 – 2803 / 70.94
2005 – 3352 / 84.02

b) Gonorrhoea
Year – Total / Cases per 100 000 persons
1996 – 83 / 2.28
1997 – 98 / 2.66
1998 – 125 / 3.36
1999 – 175 / 4.65
2000 – 290 / 7.63
2001 – 349 / 9.09
2002 – 214 / 5.52
2003 – 186 / 4.75
2004 – 270 / 6.83
2005 – 342 / 8.57

c) Syphilis (total)
Year – Total / Cases per 100 000 persons
1996 – 17 / 0.47
1997 – 16 / 0.43
1998 – 15 / 0.40
1999 – 6 / 0.16
2000 – 90 / 2.31
2001 – 339 / 8.77
2002 – 276 / 7.12
2003 – 196 / 4.91
2004 – 336 / 8.35
2005 – 229 / 5.69

Source:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe – CISID

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