Learning Japanese: ~(S) と 言います/言いました


~(Subject) と 言います/言いました。Someone says/said …(subject)

Just like “~と 思います” rule, the SUBJECT before the word と will change according to the rule:

  • If it is a VERB, it has to be in the 普通形 (Informal form)
  • If it is a I-ADJECTIVE, it remains the same form.
  • If it is a NA-ADJECTIVE, add だ after the adjective.


  1. 食事 の 前 に ”いただきます” と 言います。[shokuji  no mae ni, “itadakimasu” to iimasu] (Before eating, “Itadakimasu” is said/we say “Itadakimasu”)
  2. 首相 は 来月 アメリカ へ 行く と 言いました。[shushou wa raigetsu amerika e iku to iimashita] (The prime minister said that next month he will go to America)
  3. 吉田さん は あした 東京 へ 出張 する と 言いました。[Yoshidasan wa ashita toukyou e shucchou suru to iimashita] (Mr Yoshida said that tomorrow he will be going for bussiness trip in Tokyo)
  4. 田中さん は 経済 の 問題 は 難しい と 言いました。[Tanakasan wa keizai no mondai wa muzukashii to iimashita] (Mr Tanaka said that the problem of economics is difficult)

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