Malaysia: Crime Statistic 2000-2006 (II)

In the previous post, the absolute number of crime stats is reported. Today, in this post, the normalised, or the crime rate per 100 000 or 10 000 population is discussed. The crime stat data from other countries, e.g. OECD which I have previously discussed (here and here), will also be used to compare with Malaysia’s crime scenario, particularly on year 2000.

1) Incident rate for homicide, attempt murder, robbery (both group or single and with firearmed), and rape.

Rape is seeing an alarming rise from year 2000 to 2005. In year 2000,  only 5.26 rape cases reported out of 100 000 population, but it increase to 7.44 cases of 100 000 persons in year 2005. Apart from rape crime, the other violent crimes are in general seeing a decrease over the year 2000-2006. The drastic drop is seen in single/firearmed type robbery.

For year 2000, the incident rate for robbery (total) is 0.639 cases per 1000 persons. Compared this value to the number in OECD countries, Malaysia was doing slightly worse than Denmark (0.59), and better than the other OECD countries like Germany, Canada, Sweden, US, France, UK and etc.  

On the other hand, homicide rates in Malaysia year 2000 was 2.40 cases per 100 000 persons. Malaysia’s number was doing slightly better than New Zealand (2.56), Finland (2.83) and US (5.52), and worse off than the countries like Australia (1.81), UK (1.64) and etc.

2) Crime incident rate (per 10 000 population) for various crime against property: van/lorry theft, motorcar, motorbike, snatch-theft and the others.

All the theft crime incidents were seeing a stable condition during that period. Snatch-theft rate was seeing a decrease since year 2003, 6.46 cases per 10 000 persons to 3.79 cases per 10 000 persons in year 2005, while the motorbike theft incident rate is seeing a slight increment, around 20.0 cases per 10 000 persons.

Domestic burglary crime (not shown in the graph above) recorded an incident rate of 1.43 cases per 1000 population in year 2000. Compared it to the lowest in the OECD countries Austria (1.63 cases per 1000 pop.), Malaysia enjoyed relatively safer neighbourhood from burglary. Malaysia was definitely safer than Australia, which recorded 14.4 cases burglary crime per 1000 pop. in year 2000.

On motorcar theft, 0.316 motorcar cases per 1000 population was reported in year 2000, compared it to the lowest among OECD countries, Greece (0.52 cases).

Picture: Iris in Jikko-In

Kyoto: Iris in Jikko-In, originally uploaded by micpohling.

Lovely purple iris flowers in Jikko-In, Ohara, Kyoto.

Quote: Khalil Gibran

Khalil Gibran, an artist, poet and writer:

The creator gives no heed to the critic unless he becomes a barren inventor. – Spiritual Sayings of Kahlil Gibran

Oh, can that work as the line for apologetics or not?

Malaysia: Crime Statistic 2000-2006 (I)

From Polis Diraja Malaysia (Royal Malaysian Police) website, the statistic for crime reported like homicides, attemp murder, rape, assault, theft and etc are listed. The data/statistic from the website will be discussed in the following descriptions:  1) the absolute number of incidents occured (period 2000-2006), 2) the normalised crime rate, or the number of cases per 100 000/10 000 population per year, 3) the efficiency of police officer solving the cases. Point #2 and #3 will be discussed in the subsequent post in the following day. Today, let’s look at the absolute number of crime stats reported:

a) Homicides/murder, attempt murder, robbery (group, firearmed), and robbery (single, firearmed):

For the group robbery which involving firearms, the cases reported each year varied between 40 to 100. On the other hand, the robbery done by single person and involving firearm steadily declines from 722 in year 2000 to 247 cases in year 2006.

Attempt for murder cases increases at rate of 43 cases in year 2000 to 94 cases in 2005, almost double the number. As for murder/homicide, the number of incidents has been fluctuating between 500 to 600 cases per year, while year 2006 recorded the highest number: 604 cases.
b) Robbery (group, unarmed), robbery (single, unarmed), rape and assault.

Next, rape cases are seeing a steady increment from year 2000: 1210 cases in 2000 to 2435 cases in year 2006, double the cases in 6 years period. Similar trend is also seen in group and unarmed robbery. The robbery done by single and unarmed person is seeing a drastic increase: a jump of around 12 000 cases in year 2000 to about 18 000 cases in year 2006! The number of cases of assault were seeing a steady decrease from year 2000 (5104 cases) to 2005 (4246 cases), but spike high (5716 cases) again in year 2006.

c) Various theft action: Theft (van/lorry), theft (motocar), theft (motorbike), snatch theft, and others.

Lastly, the crime against property is discussed here. Both theft cases on van/lorry and motorcar are seeing a steady increase over the year of 2000 to 2006. The number of motorcars stolen reports increased from 7278 cases in 2000 to 11101 cases in 2006. On the other hand, the much high profile snatch-theft cases were seeing a drop since year 2003, from 15798 cases to 9551 cases in 2006, or equivalent to a drop of 39.5% (that is a surprise to me). Finally, the theft of motorcycle is seeing a skyhigh increase, especially the spike between year 2005/06. In year 2000, 45903 cases of stolen motorbike were reported. But at the end of year 2006, 64858 cases were reported!

MeThink: Humanitarian Aid and Milton Friedman

Read about the “accountability” act on humanitarian aid from Economist:

Aid workers are still blushing over blunders they made after the 2004 tsunami. In the Indonesian province of Aceh, victims were housed in leaky, termite-ridden dwellings which had to be pulled down; boats given to Indonesian and Sri Lankan fishermen proved unseaworthy; temporary homes for Indian victims proved too hot to inhabit. Such embarrassments have given independent aid bodies a strong incentive to review their own record before governments, or inter-governmental bodies, step in with heavy-handed rules.

And it reminds me of Milton Friedman famous quote (I posted it long time ago too):

Finally, I can spend somebody else’s money on somebody else. And if I spend somebody else’s money on somebody else, I’m not concerned about how much it is, and I’m not concerned about what I get.

I guess, it still rings the bell of truth, right?

Picture: More Sunflower!

Kyoto: More Sunflower, originally uploaded by micpohling.

Learning Japanese: Sentence Format (I)

I do not what kind of grammar terminology should I use for it, but I am trying my best to show the difference of sentences and how to use this sentence format.

Note:

Compare –
1. a)  あの 人 は 山田さん です。[Ano hito wa Yamadasan desu] (That person is Mr Yamada)

 b) あの 眼鏡 を かけて いる 人 は 山田さん です。[Ano megane o kakete iru hito wa Yamadasan desu] (That person who is wearing glasses is Mr Yamada.)

— So  かけて いる means “is wearing”. [かけます → かけて、います → いる]

2. A: 吉田さん は どの 人 ですか。[Yoshidasan wa dono hito desuka] (Which one is Mr. Yoshida?)

 B: 新聞 を 読む いる 人 です。[Shimbun o yomu iru hito desu] (The one who is reading newspapers now)

More examples:

1. 帽子 を かぶって いる 人 です。[Boushi o kabutte iru hito] (The one who is wearing the hat)

2.白い 靴 を 履いて いる 人 です。[Shiroi kutsu o haite iru hito desu] (The one who is wearing the white shoes).

3. 会議 で 意見 を 言った 人 は 田中さん です。[Kaigi de iken o itta hito wa Tanakasan desu] (The one who gave opinion inside the meeting is Mr Tanaka) 

4.スキ 旅行 に 行かない 人 は 雪さん です。[Suki ryoukou ni ikanai hito wa sukisan desu] (The one who does not go for skii trip is Ms Yuki)

What is risky? This or That?

Found this article about risk in the lives (well, in particular to US people actually). May be we can have a guess game, like guessing which one is more riskier…

1. Job-related. Which profession is the riskiest among the given options here?

A: firefighter
B: Office worker
C: treefeller
D: truck-driver

Well, the least-risk job is pretty obvious, office worker has the risk of 0.4 per 100 000 persons  per year, while firefighter is 10.6 deaths per 100 000, followed by truck-driver 44.8 deaths per 100 000 per year, and 357 deaths per 100 000 persons for treefeller. In summary:

Treefeller > truck-driver > firefighter > office worker 

2. Recreational activities. Which of the recreational activities below here is the riskiest?

A: Skiing
B: Bicycling
C: Swimming
D: Mountain-climbing (Himalayas)

So, obviously it is very dangerous to climb Mount Himalayas. The risk is about 13,000 deaths per 100,000 climbers per year. Skiers faced the risk about 0.49 deaths per 100 000 persons per year, while bicycling is more dangerous than skiing: death rate of 2.1 per 100 000 persons per years. Swimming has a death risk of 0.88 deaths per 100 000 persons per year. In summary, the risk of the recreational activies go in the sequence of:

Himalayas Mt Climbing > bicycling > swimming > skiing

World: Religiosity (V) – Church

Continuing from the previous post about the role of church, the World Values Survey also asked the questions as below:

  1. Do churches give answers to people’s spiritual need?
  2. Do churches give answers to the social problems?

The “yes” answer given by the participants in OECD countries are shown in the graphs below:

Most of the people in Mexico, South Africa and US think that churches do give answers to people’s spiritual need. This is particularly true for most of the Catholic-dominant countries, like Portugal and Italy. On the other hand, most of the Japanese (only 34.1% of them) do not think churches/religion instituition in their country give answers. The same goes to Luxembourg, Belgium and Netherlands. On average, 61.3% of all the participants agreed that churches give answers to people’s spiritual need.

Next, what does people think of the role of churches in social problems? On average, only 30.3% of all the interviewees here think that churches have their role in social problems tackling. Among them, 62.2% of South African, 53.9% of Mexican and 45.6% of American think that churches give answers to social problems. On the hand, only 7.1% Japanese, 11.5% Danish and 15.5% Czech people agreed so.

Let’s look at the numbers from the selected Asia countries:

Again, in the Islam-predominant countries like Egypt, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, their religion instituitions is believed by their people to give answers to both people’s spiritual need and social problems.

Picture: My Sunflower

Kyoto: Sunflower, originally uploaded by micpohling.

Yup, they are going to be my photo experiment subjects for the forthcoming days! 🙂 Here, we have a perfect blue sky, bright sunray, and my husband’s willingness to work together with me to pose the flowers for pictures! 😀 There is nothing else much I can ever ask for 😛

MV: R.E.M – Everybody Hurts

R.E.M. – Everybody Hurts 

When the day is long and the night, the night is yours alone,
When you’re sure you’ve had enough of this life, well hang on
Don’t let yourself go, ’cause everybody cries and everybody hurts sometimes

Sometimes everything is wrong. Now it’s time to sing along
When your day is night alone, (hold on, hold on)
If you feel like letting go, (hold on)
When you think you’ve had too much of this life, well hang on

‘Cause everybody hurts. Take comfort in your friends
Everybody hurts. Don’t throw your hand. Oh, no. Don’t throw your hand
If you feel like you’re alone, no, no, no, you are not alone

If you’re on your own in this life, the days and nights are long,
When you think you’ve had too much of this life to hang on

Well, everybody hurts sometimes,
Everybody cries. And everybody hurts sometimes
And everybody hurts sometimes. So, hold on, hold on
Hold on, hold on, hold on, hold on, hold on, hold on
Everybody hurts. You are not alone

Everybody Hurts mps from Odeo 

World: Religiosity (IV) – Church

In World Values Survey, the questions below were asked:

  1. Do churches give answers to moral problems?
  2. Do churches give answers to family life problems?

The graphs below here show the percentage of people say “yes” among OECD countries.

Most of the people in Mexico (73.4%), South Africa (69.1%) and Italy (61.8%) thinks that churches do give answers to the moral problems. On the other hand, Only sizable people in Japan (19.8%) believes that churches (religion organization?) provide answer to moral problems, followed closely by Denmark (20.0%) and Sweden (26.3%). On special note is that even Ireland has very high belief in God (see previous posts), but they do not believe that churches can give answers.  

Move to next question, again, most of the people in Mexico, South Africa and US believes that churches give answers to family life problems. On contrary, only 15.0% of people in Denmark think that churches give answers, closely followed by Japan (16.0%) and Sweden (18.3%). Surprisingly Czech rep., an ex-communist country which has about 39% of people believe in God (the lowest rank among these countries) has quite high number of people think of the role of the churches.

Then, let’s have a look at Asia countries. Churches here would mean the established religion instituition in the respective country. People in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia has extremely high number of people think that their religion institutions give answers to moral and family problems.

Picture: Red poppy… from this perspective

World: Religiosity (III) – Belief in Heaven and Hell

Continuing for the world religiosity series, next 2 questions in World Values Survey:

  1. Do you believe in Heaven?
  2. Do you believe in Hell?

The graphs below depict the yes response in percentage of total participants:

The highest percentage of people believe in heaven includes South African (90.7%), American (87.5%), and Ireland (85.6%). The lowest would go to Denmark (18.4%), Czech (20.6%) and Hungary (29.2%) of them said that they believe in heaven.

On the other hand, when asked do they believe in hell, 79.7% Irish say yes, followed by Iceland (78.2%) and Mexican (74.6%). At the another end of spectrum, only 9.4% of Swedish, 9.5% of Danish and 13.1% of Czech people believe there is hell.

One very interesting note is that for the same group of people, the percentage of people believe in heaven is consistently higher than those who believe in hell. The graph below shows the difference in terms of percentage of people who believe in heaven compared to hell, by simple substraction formulae:

Apart from UK, Germany west, Mexico, Greece, Italy and Iceland (there are more people who believe in hell than heaven, surprise!), the other countries are showing very high discrepancy in numbers for those who believe in heaven than believe in hell. Pretty much it is saying that people are more readily to believe there is a heaven, but quite reluctantly to acknowledge there is hell, if such duality is a common understanding, as much as the Christianity teaching in west, so does the concept of hell in East-Sino philosophy.

As a comparison to the developed countries in the west, the numbers in the belief in Hell and Heaven among selected Asia countries are shown in the graph below:

The people in Islamic countries like Egypt, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia are overwhelmingly believe there is hell and heaven. However, as consistent to the observation to the developed countries, there is always more people believe in heaven than hell. The same goes to Philipines, Singapore, India and Japan. Viet Nam has a little bit more people believe in hell than in heaven.

So, why there is more people willing to believe there is heaven than hell? Could it be that if there is no hell, there will be no punishment/suffering? Any suggestion?

Picture: Annoying Look

Staring Cat – Why you are disturbing me?, originally uploaded by micpohling.

Yup, that was his annoying look. Spotted him on the way to Sanzen-In, Ohara. He was supposed to have a nice nap time besides his owner, but alas, me and few other tourists were attracted to him, and trying to play with him… while he was sleepy 😀 He opened his eyes a bit, and gave us that “why are you disturbing me?” look 🙂

MV: Gary Jules – Mad World

Mad World – Gary Jules (cover of Tears for Fears)

All around me are familiar faces
Worn out places, worn out faces
Bright and early for their daily races
Going nowhere, going nowhere

Their tears are filling up their glasses
No expression, no expression
Hide my head I want to drown my sorrow
No tomorrow, no tomorrow

And I find it kind of funny
I find it kind of sad
The dreams in which I’m dying
Are the best I’ve ever had

I find it hard to tell you
I find it hard to take
When people run in circles
It’s a very, very
Mad World

Mad world

Children waiting for the day they feel good
Happy Birthday, Happy Birthday
And I feel the way that every child should
Sit and listen, sit and listen

Went to school and I was very nervous
No one knew me, no one knew me
Hello teacher tell me what’s my lesson
Look right through me, look right through me

And I find it kind of funny
I find it kind of sad
The dreams in which I’m dying
Are the best I’ve ever had

I find it hard to tell you
I find it hard to take
When people run in circles
It’s a very, very
Mad World

Mad World

Enlarging your world
Mad World.

Mad World mp3 from Odeo

This is very popular theme song for movie or TV show. Notably I heard it in Donnie Darko and one episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.

World: Religiosity (III) – Belief in Life after Death

From World Values Survey: “Do you believe in Life afte Death?”. The number depicted in the graph below is the percentage of people say yes.

 
OECD and Europe countries.

81.1% of American believes that there is life after death, followed by Ireland (79.7%), Iceland (78.2%). On the other hand, most of the people in ex-communist country like Hungary and Czech Rep. do not believe there is such thing. Only 32.8% Hungarian and 35.9% of Czech people believe in it.

Asia countries’ survey result here:

Countries with the predominantly Muslim have almost all the people belief in Life after death, e.g. Egypt, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia. Viet Nam, on the other hand, being a communist country, has least number of people believe in life after death. Only 16 out of 100 people professed they believe in it.

Source: World Values Survey

Picture: African Daisy with Droplets

Kyoto: African Daisy with Droplets, originally uploaded by micpohling.

Rainy day. Me, camera and the umbrella working together to get these pictures 😀

World: Extra-marital Affair

Saw this in Economist: Extra-marital affair number (confession) around the world! Originally from Durex Sex Survey 2005. The number is % of the adult interviewed admitted that they have extra-marital affair.

Finland 36%? Hmmm, I better watch out my husband closely… 😛

World: Religiosity (II) – Belief in God

The question “Do you believe in God” was asked in World Values Survey (WVS).

1. In World Values Survey, the participants in the selected countries will answer the question in basically 2 categorical answers: Yes or No. The year the surveys in each country were conducted during year 1998-2002.


98.8% of South African say yes, they believe in God, while followed by Mexico 98.0%, Portugese 96.4%, United States and Ireland 95.7%. Ex-communist country Czech Rep. has the lowest number of people said they believe in God. People in Japan, Sweden, Netherlands and France also are least likely to believe in God.

And compare it to the selected Asia countries:

In Asia, the people in Islamic countries like Egypt, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia are overwhelmingly professed that they believe in God. Vietnam being a communist country, only 18.8% of Vietnamese believe in God.  

The scatter-plot below here shows the correlation between the percentage of people say they belief in God vs How is God important in your life (mean score of scale 1-10, 10 being very important) in OECD countries:

Source:

  1. World Values Survey

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