OECD: Type of Traffic Accidents (II)

The data on:

  • Number of accidents,
  • Number of persons injured and,
  • Number of persons killed

In 3 main types of accidents such as (a) accidents between vehicle and pedestrian, (b) single vehicle, and (c) accidents between vehicles, are compiled and analysized. The raw data on these 3 main types accidents and its impact of number of cases, number of persons killed or injured is listed in Table 1 to 3 as below:
 

Table 1: Number of accidents and its breakdown on different types of accident.

Table 2: Number of persons killed and its breakdown on different types of accident.

Table 3: Number of persons injured and its breakdown on different types of accident.

The graphs below illustrate the percentage disribution of each type of accidents onto parameters like total cases, number of persons killed or injured and comparison among the selected countries.

Overall, the accidents between vehicles is the major contribution to total number of accidents, number of persons killed or injured in accidents. This is followed by single vehicle and lastly vehicle vs. pedestrian. However, the scenario of latter two types of accidents might not neccesarily true for all the countries, as will be pointed out later.

 

Graph 1: Percentage distribution of different type of accidents in total cases.

Switzerland has the highest % of total accidents cases caused by accidents between vehicles, as high as slightly over 80% while Iceland has roughly48.4% this type of accident. Switzerland, UK and Portugal has slightly higher % of accident cases caused by vehicle vs pedestrian than single vehicle accidents. Overall, the mean % for each type of accidents is 64.5% (between vehicles), 23.3% (single vehicle) and 12.2% (vehicle vs pedestrian).

Graph 2: Percentage distribution of different type of accidents in number of persons killed.

Again, Switzerland has the highest % of number of person killed in accidents caused by accidents between vehicles, as high as 72.9% while Luxembourg, the lowest in this group, has roughly48.4% this type of accident. Switzerland is the only country which has slightly higher % of number of persons killed in accident caused by vehicle vs pedestrian (16.9%) than single vehicle accidents (10.2%). Overall, the mean % for each type of accidents is 52.6% (between vehicles), 32.9% (single vehicle) and 14.5% (vehicle vs pedestrian).

Graph 3: Percentage distribution of different type of accidents in number of persons injured.

And again, Switzerland has the highest % of number of person injured in accidents caused by accidents between vehicles, 83.7% while Iceland and Finland, the lowest 2 in this group, has roughly54.0%  and 59.9% of this type of accident. Apparently, Switzerland (again) is the only country which has slightly higher % of number of persons injured in accident caused by vehicle vs pedestrian (8.6%) than single vehicle accidents (7.7%). Overall, the mean % for each type of accidents is 68.7% (between vehicles), 21.8% (single vehicle) and 9.6% (vehicle vs pedestrian).

Source: UNECE, Statistics of Road Traffic Accidents in Europe and North America, 2001-2003

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